The downtown Denver skyline on a clear morning in 2004 (left); the same view on a smoggy morning at the same hour two days later (right)
Still, the momentum for change has been slow to build. For example, in Westminster, the school board has so far deemed the program impractical for its district’s use. “Given [our] size—9,500 students—and the fact that we replace, at most, one vehicle a year, the electric bus program does not make sense for the district,” says its chief communications officer, Steve Saunders. And while nearby Denver Public Schools has been in conversation about alternative fuels and electric school buses and their benefits, the district has made no purchase plans. But on the northern side of the Denver metro area, Adams County School District 12—which serves about 39,000 students across five municipalities—has applied for grants for eight buses.
Meanwhile, environmental advocates are eagerly awaiting leadership on the issue by the state’s incoming governor, Jared Polis, who was endorsed by Conservation Colorado for his record on fighting for clean air and climate action. They are also waiting for the technology itself. Blue Bird—North America’s top school bus manufacturer—delivered its first electric buses to districts in Ontario and California only this past September. (In December 2016, the corporation received $4.4 million from the U.S. Department of Energy for research and the development of a zero-emissions electric school bus using vehicle-to-grid technology by 2019.)
Despite the modest pace of the transition, however, analysts see promise: Bloomberg New Energy Finance (BNEF) estimates that in the second half of the 2020s, electric buses will take off even faster than electric vehicles, filling 84 percent of the market by 2030. As Colin McKerracher, lead analyst on advanced transportation for BNEF, noted in May, “Developments over the last 12 months, such as manufacturers’ plans for model roll-outs and new regulations on urban pollution, have bolstered our bullish view of the prospects for EVs.”
Those prospects could be further improved if fleet managers and school districts partner up with electric utilities. As NRDC senior attorney Max Baumhefner explains, utilities are increasingly looking to use the big batteries in electric school buses to lower the cost of managing a grid with large amounts of variable electricity generation like wind and solar. “Putting kids in zero-emission buses is motivation enough,” he notes, “but when those buses are stationary (which is most of the day and all night), they can be charged when wind or solar generation is abundant, and [school districts] can get paid to put that electricity back onto the grid when it is most needed.”
Grassroots groups are poised to play a big role in electric bus adoption in Colorado. During the past two years, Protégete has worked hard to bring attention to the issue in the Latino community in Denver. Juan Pérez Sáez, one of the group’s community organizers, led a team in collecting comments from Latino residents and bringing people to the state’s public hearings. Some described how high housing prices forced them to live, work, and play in the city’s industrial outskirts, next to highways and near factories and refineries, where dirty air is a daily fact of life and asthma rates are high.
In fact, as Pérez Sáez notes, asthma is a leading cause across the U.S. for absenteeism in schools. “It means children are not having the opportunity to be educated in an environment that is safe for them,” he says, “and that should be a priority for everyone.”
In July, Pérez Sáez traveled with fellow community members and environmental justice leaders from Nevada, Arizona, and Colorado to the Rally for Clean Air in Santa Fe, New Mexico, a state that has seen increasing air pollution yet little progress on electric school buses or other climate action under the outgoing Republican governor, Susana Martinez. Under Martinez, the New Mexico Environment Department has argued that electric buses wouldn’t be a cost-effective use of its VW settlement funds, despite the fact that 1 out of every 11 of the state’s children has asthma.
The rally took place as Martinez and other state lawmakers were gathering for an annual meeting of the National Governors Association. Protégete joined forces with the League of Conservation Voters, Chispa activists, Moms Clean Air Force, Juntos, and other organizations to demand justice for communities disproportionately affected by asthma and other respiratory illnesses. Pérez Sáez marched alongside a crowd of parents and students, with some kids wearing surgical masks and dressed in yellow school bus costumes.
We should change the narrative of the environmental movement, Pérez Sáez says. “If you want to be an environmentalist, you can be an environmentalist. You don’t need to have the money to buy your own electric car, but we can all advocate to get public transit, to get electric zero-emission school buses. And that will impact everyone at the same level.”
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