Consumer Pain as Oil Profits Soar and Production Stays Flat

Corporations are profiting from consumers’ pain at the gas pump. While soaking consumers at the pump, 15 of the largest oil and gas companies banked a record $77 billion in second-quarter profits, nearly triple the level of a year ago, bringing their take to nearly $94 billion in just the first half of 2022. Meanwhile, second-quarter production from these companies fell below last year’s levels, as they lavished shareholders with more than $30 billion in stock buybacks and dividend checks.

From a global energy crisis triggered by Russia’s war on Ukraine, the oil industry has drawn a single lesson: high prices at the pump mean record profits. Our families have gotten the message as well—one costly fill-up at a time.

Offshore oil rig by C. Morrison

NRDC is tracking the profits of the 15 largest oil and gas companies with substantial production and operation footprints in the United States. As our complete figures now show, while people paid the price at the pump this spring, Big Oil raked in record profits last quarter with an astonishing 288 percent jump above last year’s second quarter profits.

And on top of those profits, Big Oil doled out more than $20 billion to buy back stocks from shareholders and paid dividends to shareholders worth well over $10 billion. Oil executives haven’t been shy in describing the situation—it's “an embarrassment of riches.”

Here’s a snapshot of results from the 15 companies we tracked:

Company Name

Q2 2022 Net Income

Net Income to Date (2022)

Percent Change Q2 2021 vs Q2 2022

ExxonMobil

$17,850,000,000 

$23,330,000,000  

226% 

Chevron

$11,622,000,000 

$17,881,000,000  

277% 

Shell

$11,470,000,000 

$20,600,000,000  

107% 

BP

$9,257,000,000 

($11,127,000,000) 

197% 

ConocoPhillips

$5,759,000,000 

$10,904,000,000  

486% 

EOG Resources

$2,238,000,000 

$2,628,000,000  

147% 

Occidental Petroleum

$3,555,000,000 

$8,231,000,000  

3765% 

Pioneer Natural Resources

$2,371,000,000 

$4,380,000,000  

524% 

Valero Energy

$4,700,000,000 

$5,600,000,000  

2801% 

Phillips 66

$3,285,000,000 

$3,880,000,000  

898% 

Hess

$667,000,000 

$1,084,000,000  

1001% 

Cheniere

$741,000,000 

($124,000,000) 

325% 

Coterra Energy

$1,200,000,000 

$1,837,000,000  

3900% 

Diamondback Energy

$1,400,000,000 

$2,264,000,000  

327% 

Marathon Oil

$934,000,000 

$2,270,000,000  

5738% 

Totals

$77,049,000,000

$93,638,000,000 

288%

In our last post on this topic, we also highlighted the staggering lack of interest these companies show toward playing a role in the energy transition. Indeed, with nine additional companies now reporting on their activities, only BP joins Shell in disclosing any meaningful information about their investments in renewable energy.

That’s a shocking failure, given the climate disasters occurring almost daily worldwide, not to mention the price we’re all paying for yet another energy shock brought on by our reliance on oil and gas.  The industry disingenuously blames President Biden and argues for irresponsible policies that would only deepen our dependence on fossil fuels.

And yet, the industry’s actions on the ground tell a completely different story. Despite record profits, the industry’s capital expenditures indicate little appetite for increasing production. In fact, actual production numbers are lagging when we compared Q2 2022 to Q2 2021:

Company Name

Q2 2022 Production (bpd)

Q2 2021 Production (bpd)

ExxonMobil

2,298,000 (+) 

2,200,000 

Chevron

1,687,000 (-)

1,847,000 

Shell

1,325,000 (-)

1,558,000 

BP

935,000 (-)

938,000 

ConocoPhillips

871,000 (+)

849,000 

EOG Resources

464,000 (+)

449,000 

Occidental Petroleum

611,000 (-)

639,000 

Pioneer Natural Resources

348,000 (-)

363,000 

Hess

176,000 (+)

166,000 

Coterra Energy

89,000 (+)

Diamondback Energy

224,000 (-)

245,000 

Marathon Oil

167,000 (-)

170,000 

Totals*

9,195,000 (-)

9,424,000

* Valero, Phillips 66, and Cheniere are excluded because they are primarily refiners or liquified natural gas producers.

While global production numbers have slowly increased in 2022 across the entire industry, this quarter’s results make clear that companies are not investing in ramping up production to bring prices down. Nor are they sharing this increased revenue by hiring more workers. In fact, even as oil and gas companies raked in billions in COVID-19 relief dollars, they fired 118,000 (and counting) oil and gas workers in the United States the past year alone.

For industry, the plight of energy workers and everyone else just means record profits. For the rest of us, it means a continued disconnection between corporate profits and human wellbeing while prices at the pump are still high and consumers are forced to change behavior in response to the increased cost of living and worsening job prospects. Industry, even awash in profits, has not helped balance supply with demand or provided adequate public benefit to justify the billions they receive in public financial support.

Even in the face of this corporate greed and the economy-wide damage it does, a better energy future is possible and within reach. The transition to renewable energy promises an end to the global price shocks caused by petro-state actions, wars, and disasters. At the same time, gains in efficiency, expanding clean and alternative transit, and investing in homes and buildings will lower the costs consumers must pay to power our lives. The economic benefits of those changes are plain: stability, lower costs, and massive reductions in greenhouse gas emissions and other dangerous pollutants.

About the Authors

Josh Axelrod

Senior Advocate, Nature Program

Join Us

When you sign up you'll become a member of NRDC's Activist Network. We will keep you informed with the latest alerts and progress reports.